Unlike natural disasters, such as earthquakes or tsunami, virtually all other crises have social or political roots, however remote the connection may seem to be. For example, floods are rarely a purely natural event. More often than not, the cause may be land mismanagement like deforestation, or ineffective flood control compromised by economic or political considerations.
Political crises unfolding in or near tourist destinations can have a devastating effect, far beyond the human tragedy that is often the immediate result. The repercussions of these events affect many people and organisations, from the innocent holidaymaker to local political bodies and tourism organisations. They may ruin industries, cities, even countries. So learning to manage them and their after-effects is vital. While there are several studies of tourism crises caused by terrorism and natural disasters, few in-depth studies have explored the impact on the tourism industry of political crises in general.
“Blood on the Beach” is a how-to handbook to apply crisis management to political crises and provides a framework for political crisis responses and practical solutions for the tourism industry.
The title of the book reflects the impact of political crises upon tourism as it happened after the terrorist attack on the beach of Sousse, Tunisia in 2015, because of its significance for the tourism industry at large: it was more than a destination being affected, it was the product itself - the beach – that became affected. Then the Brussels lockdown following the November 2015 terror attack in Paris transformed a destination crisis event into a product crisis now affecting all major cities. When, a few days later, the US State Department issued a worldwide travel alert, tourism stakeholders face the broadest threat to the industry since the last world war as its two key products, beaches and major cities, became affected globally by current events.
A classification model
The first dimension is the degree of violence, which ranges from non-violent to violent. The second dimension is the duration of the crisis, which ranges from ephemeral to enduring, where ephemeral may span from a few hours to a few days and enduring from several days to months or even years. From these two dimensions, political crises can then be divided into four main types: (1) violent enduring crises, (2) violent ephemeral crises, (3) non-violent enduring crises, and (4) nonviolent ephemeral crises.
About “Blood on the Beach”
Based on a PhD research on managing the impact of political crises on tourism, this book offers a simplified and practical application of the management framework developed in the thesis. The book includes enlightening extracts from in-depth interviews with a wide range of tourism professionals and reveals a fascinating picture of the true impact of political crises and terrorism on the tourism industry and the tourists. Blood on the Beach will be of great value to all those involved in the tourism industry around the world.
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